Want to learn the definition and difference between 27 figure of speech? Read this post until the end. A figure of speech is a word or expression that has a meaning other than its literal meaning. It may be a metaphor or a simile that is used to compare two items. It can be used to create a dramatic effect by repeating alliteration or exaggerating hyperbole. Read the full post to learn about all 27 figure of speech with examples.
List Of 27 Figure Of Speech
Below is the list of the 27 figure of speech you can use to enhance the language:
It is a Latin word that means “like.” In a simile, two things or actions are interlinked using the words “as” or “like.” There are two types of simile: simple and developed. A simple simile is expressed in a short and brief way. On the other hand, the developed simile is an imitation of words that are expressed in a descriptive manner. Normally, it has its main application in epics.
Example Of Simple Simile
- He wandered lonely as a cloud.
- The news spread like a fire.
Example Of Developed Simile
- Like some young cypress, tall and dark, and straight.
- So slender Sohrab seemed, so softly reared.
The metaphor is an implied comparison without the use of any comparative word. In metaphor, words “like, so, as” are not used.
- He is like a Tiger. (simile)
- He is a Tiger. (metaphor)
- He is a shining star.
When you read them, it will help you visualise stuff. The portrayal of personal attributes, human emotions, or intentions to inanimate natural elements is known as personification. In a nutshell, it’s a living representation of non-living things. Among 27 figure of speech, it gives life to a dead object.
- It’s spring, and the garden is changing its clothes.
- The fog comes on little cat feet.
In rhetoric, an apostrophe represents the address of a usually absent person or a usually personified object. A mark is used to denote the absence of letters or figures, the possessive case (as in “Maria’s book”), or the plural of letters or figures (as in “the 1970’s”) in this figure of speech.
- We voted for higher teachers’ salaries.
- The court order required both parents’ consent.
It’s a figure of speech that makes a sentence more impressive by exaggerating the words. This among 27 figure of speech is an effective mode of securing attention, expression of emotion, and creating a poetic effect.
- You are more beautiful than rainbow colors.
- That man is as tall as the camel.
We talk in a softened and milder way when we use a euphemism to express negative things. To prevent abruptness, it is an indirect reflection of a direct one.
- He told us a cock and bull story. (a lie)
- Aslam is very plain. (ugly)
It is a fictitious short story that illustrates a moral attitude or a religious principle.
- “In some ways, his life is a parable of the corrupting effect of great wealth, for he always assumed that everyone was after his money and out to cheat him.”
It is a mythical tale that describes supernatural events. Animals in the fable speak and behave like humans. The tortoise and the hare fable tells us that ‘slow and steady wins the race.’
- The fable of an old man, his son, and the ass show the folly of attempting to please everyone.
- The story he won the battle single-handedly is merely a fable.
It’s the rhetorical contrast of ideas achieved by parallel phrase, clause, or sentence arrangements. Words or thoughts are brought into comparison in this figure of speech to construct a balanced one against the other.
- United we stand, divided we fall.
- A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
It has a lot in common with antithesis. It appears in seemingly contradictory terms and denotes a significant secret significance. The language of this figure of speech from 27 is notable for its brevity.
Benjamin Franklin’s famous epigram,
“Remember that time is money.”
“The child is the father of man.”
It’s a figure of speech that’s used to say something other than the literal sense, particularly the opposite. Irony, in other words, is a characteristic of a typically humorous literary style or type.
- It was a tragic irony that he made himself sick by worrying so much about his health.
- While describing her vacation with heavy irony as “an educational experience.”
It’s a figure of speech which combines two opposing or incongruent words to produce a visual effect. Cruelty or compassion, for example. It’s a rhetorical device that involves using two self-contradictory words to reveal a paradox.
- Her singing was enough to raise the living dead.
- Suddenly the room filled with a defeating silence.
It’s an argument that seems to be contradictory or counter-intuitive, but it may be valid. It’s a rhetorical instrument for gaining recognition and securing focus.
- Cowards die many times before their death.
- Failures are the pillars of success.
The pun is, usually, the use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound.
- Firefighting sparks my interest.
- He kept his spirits up by pouring spirits down.
A figure of speech in which the name of one element is substituted for the name of another with which it is connected, such as “crown” in “lands belonging to the crown.”
- He is fond of red-tape.
- The bench of judges.
In this figure of speech, a part of something is used for a whole, or the whole is used for the part.
- Fifty sail for fifty ships.
- She had been sixteen summers. (years)
It’s a figure of speech in which a group of phrases or sentences are structured in ascending order of rhetorical power. It is the most fascinating aspect of narrative literature. In other words, it is a significant turning point in the action or a point of greatest dramatic suspense (as of a play).
- The movie’s climax is a fantastic chase scene.
- At the novel’s climax, the main character finds herself face to face with the thief.
It is the naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound, such as buzz and hiss.
- Shh! No talking in the library, please.
- Ding Dong! There was someone at the door.
It’s when one or more related consonants appear in a series of words. In other words, alliteration occurs when words that begin with the same sound appear in a phrase or sentence several times.
- Sheep should sleep in a shed.
- The boy buzzed around as busy as a bee.
20: Identical Statement
This figure of speech is an indirect way of expressing something that isn’t readily apparent.
- Fact is a fact.
- I am what I am.
It’s when you use longer phrasing instead of a shorter type of speech. Circumlocution, which also includes talking around something by using more words, is similar to periphrastic gestures. It is a single word that can express a great multitude of complexity by itself.
- The viewless couriers of the air. (winds)
- His prominent feature (his nose) was like an eagle’s beak.
Assonance is the resemblance of sound in words or syllables that creates a captivating effect. It is a relatively close juxtaposition of similar sounds, especially of vowels.
- Rise high in the bright sky.
- Men sell wedding bells.
This is an antithesis to the climax figure of expression. It’s a journey from heaven to hell, from the sublime to the absurd. It normally occurs when an important idea is abruptly replaced by a trivial or ridiculous idea in a conversation.
- We’ve also been born with scars. From the moment we open our eyes and look at the world, we are sounded, and we all share the same mark.
24: Innuendo or Insinuation
When something is inferred rather than stated explicitly, the result may be somewhat different. It’s known as innuendo. It’s a veiled or ambiguous assessment of a person’s character or reputation.
- “smooth bean and wrinkled pea” – Robert Frost
- “Even as the sun with purple-colored face had ta’en his last leave of the weeping morn.” Shakespear
25: Play upon words
We use the same word in various shades of meaning within the same sentence in this figure expression. It is a pun or joke that uses a word or phrase which has a double meaning to create humor.
- I’m glad I know sign language. It’s pretty handy. You use your hands to sign. And handy means “helpful” or “useful.”
It’s a figure of speech in which a powerful emotion or gesture. It is capable to draw more attention to an argument than a simple statement might.
- What a piece of work!
- How beautiful Helen of Troy was!
It is rhetorical to ask a question, not for the sake of getting an answer, but to create a profound effect.
- Who is here so base that would be a bondman?
- Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman?
This post defines the 27 figure of speech with relevant examples. If you liked this post, our blog section has more educational posts for you. Keep learning.